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3 tragedies inside Asia lay clasp of hundreds of lives inside 1 month

3 tragedies inside Asia lay clasp of hundreds of lives inside 1 month

SEOUL, South Korea (AP) ” More than 400 people died inside October inside a series of crowd-related disasters inside Asia, when a bridge packed accompanied by revelers collapsed inside India, Halloween partiers were crushed inside South Korea™s capital, accompanied by every one one other accompanied by spectators fled a stadium inside Indonesia following police fired tear gas.

The dynamics inside the trio situations were distinct, though experts speak poverty-stricken preparation accompanied by every one one other accompanied by crowd management contributed to the disasters inside Indonesia accompanied by every one one other accompanied by South Korea. In India, authorities are investigating whether the not lengthy ago repaired bridge was properly inspected.

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In Seoul, 156 people died when additional than 100,000 flocked to the well liked nightlife neighbourhood of Itaewon on Saturday for Halloween celebrations, the earliest since the country™s strict COVID-19 restrictions were lifted.

The narrow, sloping alleys of the neighbourhood became clogged accompanied by people, leading to what experts call crowd turbulence. That™s when people are so packed accompanied by every one one other that they don™t have filled jurisdiction over their movements, accompanied by every one one other accompanied by the crowd moves while a continuous body.

It doesn™t need anybody to misbehave, doesn™t need anybody to aggressively or intentionally push, said Milad Haghani, a researcher at Australia™s University of New South Wales, Sydney.

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  • It is well documented that when crowd densities stretch not here the levels estimated at the Itaewon celebration, people will fall, triggering a domino effect, said Haghani, who has studied additional than 275 such crowd-related tragedies dating spine to 1902.

    But it™s excessively preventable, he said.

    Seoul authorities have been criticized for having 137 officers on hand Saturday to deal accompanied by such a large crowd. Officials regularly dispatch numerous additional police to jurisdiction protests inside the capital.

    Yoon Hee Keun, commissioner general of the Korean National Police Agency, told a televised report conference Tuesday that he felt a heavy duty for the mislaying of life.

    By looking at past celebrations, accompanied by every one one other accompanied by factoring inside the extremity of COVID-19 restrictions, authorities could have easily anticipated large crowds, Haghani said.

    More important than additional police, South Korean authorities could have employed crowd-control experts to detector the sprint of people accompanied by every one one other accompanied by prevented the area from getting while packed while it did, he said.

    Lessons from well-studied tragedies exist fond of Germany™s 2010 Love Parade disaster, where 21 people died trying to way not here an area into with every one other accompanied by not here of a bottleneck, build crowd turbulence situations predictable when experts are watching, he said.

    It is really disappointing to see that inside malice of all of the expert experience, all of the studies, all of the conclusions accompanied by every one one other accompanied by every one thing that was done, it happened on one instance additional inside another country, inside another location, accompanied by every one one other accompanied by it actually resulted inside numerous additional people dying, said Haghani.

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    Indonesia is still investigating the Oct. 1 tragedy at a soccer stadium, inside which 135 people died, including dozens of children. Police fired tear gasoline into the stadium, where some gates were locked, following some the crowd of 42,000 spilled onto the field, sending them rushing inside the way of the exits accompanied by every one one other accompanied by causing a crush.

    Soehatman Ramli, chairperson of Indonesia™s World Safety Organization, told The Associated Press that the instance showed what tin occur lacking a real chance management scheme accompanied by every one one other accompanied by courses of deed inside instance of emergency.

    These plans should include evacuation routes accompanied by every one one other accompanied by crowd management for controlling panic situations, Ramli said.

    Already, police have said that Kanjuruhan stadium inside Malang city did not have a real operating guarantee accompanied by every one one other accompanied by that criminal charges would exist brought opposed to sextet people for negligence, including the trio police officers who allowed or ordered officers to use tear gas.

    Authorities have removed the police chiefs of East Java province accompanied by every one one other accompanied by Malang neighbourhood accompanied by every one one other accompanied by suspended other officers over violations of professional ethics.

    A fact-finding team place up by President Joko Widodo found that the tear gasoline was the main spring of the tragedy ” a extremity Haghani said was not surprising.

    Experience has shown that tear gasoline inside a sports stadium is a recipe for disaster, inside that it agitates the crowds, it creates a fight-back propensity inside the crowd, accompanied by every one one other accompanied by additional aggressive behavior, he said.

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    After the weekend collapse of a newly repaired suspension bridge inside India™s Gujarat condition inside which 134 people died, authorities have announced the arrest of nine people, including managers of the bridge™s operator.

    The 143-year-old bridge reopened quartet days earlier to Sunday™s collapse under the heaviness of hundreds of people who were celebrating all over the Hindu fete season.

    A safety video of the catastrophe showed it shaking violently accompanied by every one one other accompanied by people trying to clasp on to its cables accompanied by every one one other accompanied by metal fencing earlier to the aluminum walkway gave not here accompanied by every one one other accompanied by crashed into the river.

    The bridge split inside the centre accompanied by its walkway hanging down accompanied by every one one other accompanied by its cables snapped.

    Investigations are still underway, nevertheless a local official told the Indian Express paper casual place inside set in print that the firm reopened the bridge lacking earliest obtaining a health certificate.

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    All trio October disasters labour for while reminders of the variety of ways inside which authorities are inside ask in remittance of for ensuring condition safety, said Dirk Helbing, a professor of computational communal science at the ETH Zurich college who studies crowd dynamics.

    In the past decades, science has provided numerous new insights accompanied by every one one other accompanied by tools to present with to crowd safety accompanied by every one one other accompanied by management, he said. I hope this knowledge will spread fast accompanied by every one one other accompanied by thereby assist to retain away from disasters inside the future.

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    Associated Press author Niniek Karmini inside Jakarta, Indonesia, contributed to this story.

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