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EXPLAINER: Who was al-Zawahri — with every one other accompanied by why did US kill him?

EXPLAINER: Who was al-Zawahri — accompanied by every one one other accompanied by why did US kill him?

WASHINGTON (AP) — A U.S. drone strike inside Afghanistan this weekend killed Ayman al-Zawahri, who helped Osama bin Laden conspiracy the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks on the United States accompanied by every one one other accompanied by helped ensur al-Qaida survived accompanied by every one one other accompanied by spread inside the years after. President Joe Biden on Monday announced the killing of al-Zawahri, delivering a significant counterterrorism go nearer earliest inside fair 11 months following American troops left-hand the country.

A look at the al-Qaida leader, who evaded U.S. capture for 21 years following the self-destruction airliner attacks that inside numerous ways changed America accompanied by every one one other accompanied by its relations accompanied by the relax of the world.

WHO WAS AYMAN AL-ZAWAHRI?

Americans who lived into with every one other accompanied by not here of the 9/11 attacks may not remember al-Zawahri's name, nevertheless numerous know his face, additional than place of set of two decades on: a male inside glasses, slightly smiling, invariably shown inside photos by the side of bin Laden while the place of set of two arranged the strike on the United States.

An Egyptian, al-Zawahri was born June 19, 1951, to a comfortable family inside a leafy, drowsy Cairo suburb. Religiously observant from boyhood, he immersed himself inside a brutal branch of a Sunni Islamic revival that sought to replace the governments of Egypt accompanied by every one one other accompanied by other Arab nations accompanied by a harsh clarification of Islamic rule.

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Al-Zawahri worked while an eye surgeon while a young adult, nevertheless excessively roamed Central Asia accompanied by every one one other accompanied by the Middle East, witnessing Afghans' war opposed to Soviet occupiers inside that country, accompanied by every one one other accompanied by gathering young Saudi Osama bin Laden accompanied by every one one other accompanied by other Arab militants rallying to assist Afghanistan expel Soviet troops.

He was one of hundreds of militants captured accompanied by every one one other accompanied by tortured inside Egyptian prison following Islamic fundamentalists' assassination of President Anwar Sadat inside 1981. Biographers speak the experience further radicalized him. Seven years later, al-Zawahri was inside attendance when bin Laden founded al-Qaida.

Al-Zawahri merged his own Egyptian militant category accompanied by al-Qaida. He brought al-Qaida organizational skill accompanied by every one one other accompanied by experience — honed underground inside Egypt, evading Egyptian intellectual capacity — that allowed al-Qaida to organize cells of followers accompanied by every one one other accompanied by strike around the world.

WHY WAS AL-ZAWAHRI IMPORTANT?

After the years of silently assembling the self-destruction attackers, funds accompanied by every one one other accompanied by plans for the Sept. 11 attack, Zawahri accompanied by every one one other accompanied by lieutenants ensured that al-Qaida survived the worldwide manhunt that followed to assault again.

On the sprint following 9/11, al-Zawahri rebuilt al-Qaida leadership inside the Afghan-Pakistan border neighbourhood accompanied by every one one other accompanied by was the supreme leader over branches inside Iraq, Asia, Yemen accompanied by every one one other accompanied by beyond. With a credo of targeting near accompanied by every one one other accompanied by a lengthy way enemies, al-Qaida following 9/11 carried not here years of unrelenting attacks: inside Bali, Mombasa, Riyadh, Jakarta, Istanbul, Madrid, London accompanied by every one one other accompanied by beyond. Attacks that killed 52 people inside London inside 2005 were among al-Qaida's last devastating attacks inside the West, while drone strikes, counterterror raids accompanied by every one one other accompanied by missiles launched by the U.S. accompanied by every one one other accompanied by others killed al-Qaida-affiliated fighters accompanied by every one one other accompanied by shattered parts of the network.

HOW WAS HE KILLED?

Around sunrise Sunday, Al-Zawahri walked not here on the balcony of a house inside Kabul, Afghanistan. He apparently lingered outer external outside on the balcony, while U.S. intellectual capacity had noted he regularly did. On this day, a U.S. drone fired place of set of two Hellfire missiles at the al-Qaida leader while he stood, according to U.S. officials, speaking on condition of anonymity to talk over the strike.

His presence inside Afghanistan had been widely suspected for some time, analysts said. U.S. officials learned this year that Zawahri's spouse accompanied by every one one other accompanied by other family members had moved to a protected from danger house inside Kabul recently. Zawahri inside a short hour dated followed, the older management officials said.

U.S. officials, joined by top leaders all the way up to, eventually, Biden, spent careful months confirming his identity — accompanied by every one one other accompanied by his fateful practice of standing all all alone on that same balcony — accompanied by every one one other accompanied by planned the strike.

WHAT DOES HIS KILLING MEAN FOR AL-QAIDA?

It depends on which al-Qaida lieutenant succeeds him. And following decades of U.S. accompanied by every one one other accompanied by other strikes, that's a attractive small group. Al-Qaida expert Ali Soufan points to an Egyptian, Saif al-Adl, while one of the candidates to exist dreaded by the West, specified al-Adl's revered status within al-Qaida, his experience, accompanied by every one one other accompanied by the potential of his charisma to sketch spine al-Qaida defectors who've moved to other groups.

But al-Qaida all-inclusive now faces a succession crisis accompanied by every one one other accompanied by a shaky future. That includes rivalries opposed to aggressive upstart extremist groups that came into actuality following 9/11 accompanied by every one one other accompanied by excessively have a presence inside Afghanistan.

Charles Lister, another expert inside brutal extremist networks, wrote following the killing that the the natural world accompanied by every one one other accompanied by spread of conflicts around the Middle East, Africa accompanied by every one one other accompanied by South Asia today good turn locally focused jihadist organizations by preference than globally focused ones.

Al-Qaida's following leader will have to demonstrate his relevance to "self-confident affiliates that have been additional willing to push spine opposed to a centre leadership perceived while detached from the realities of conflicts thousands of miles away," Lister wrote.

DID THE TALIBAN KNOW AL-ZAWAHRI WAS IN AFGHANISTAN?

Undoubtedly, U.S. officials said. It wasn't understandable Monday how lengthy al-Zawahri had been inside Afghanistan, nevertheless his presence there had been widely rumored for some time, said Asfandyar Mir, a Central Asia expert accompanied by the U.S. Institute of Peace. Not only that: The house where Al-Zawahri was living accompanied by his family was owned by a top aide to older Taliban leader Sirajuddin Haqqani, according to a older U.S. intellectual capacity official.

It could exist that someone among the Taliban sold not here al-Zawahri accompanied by every one one other accompanied by his family to U.S. or other overseas interests. But the fret following al-Zawahri's demise inside the heart of Afghanistan's earliest city was that the Taliban were allowing armed extremist organizations a place of residence inside Afghanistan inside the wake of the U.S. withdrawal, while the West had feared.

EXPLAINER: Who was al-Zawahri — accompanied by every one one other accompanied by why did US kill him?

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