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UN says Ukraine bears portion of clasp in charge of for nursing place of residence attack

UN says Ukraine bears portion of clasp in charge of for nursing place of residence attack

WASHINGTON (AP) — Two weeks following Russia launched its invasion of Ukraine, Kremlin-backed rebels assaulted a nursing place of residence inside the eastern neighbourhood of Luhansk. Dozens of elderly with every one other accompanied by disabled patients, numerous of them bedridden, were trapped inside lacking aqua or electricity.

The March 11 assault place off a blaze that spread all over the facility, suffocating people who couldn't move. A small number of patients with every one other accompanied by staff escaped with every one other accompanied by fled into a nearby forest, eventually getting assistance following walking for 5 kilometers (3 miles).

In a war awash inside atrocities, the assault on the nursing place of residence near the village of Stara Krasnyanka stood not here for its cruelty. And Ukrainian authorities placed the fault squarely on Russian forces, accusing them of killing additional than 50 in danger civilians inside a brutal with every one other accompanied by unprovoked attack.

But a new United Nations report has found that Ukraine's armed forces convey a large, with every one other accompanied by maybe equal, portion of the clasp in charge of for what happened inside Stara Krasnyanka, which is concerning 580 kilometers (360 miles) southeast of Kyiv. A few days earlier to the attack, Ukrainian soldiers took up positions inside the nursing home, effectively making the building a target.

At least 22 of the 71 patients survived the assault, nevertheless the exact number of people killed remains unknown, according to the U.N.

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The report by the U.N.'s Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights doesn't complete the Ukrainian soldiers or the Moscow-backed separatist fighters committed a war crime. But it said the battle at the Stara Krasnyanka nursing place of residence is emblematic of the anthropoid rights office's concerns over the potential use of "human shields" to stop military operations inside sure areas.

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This tale is small portion of an ongoing investigation from The Associated Press with every one other accompanied by the PBS series "Frontline" that includes the  War Crimes Watch Ukraine interactive experience  and an upcoming documentary.

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The aftermath of the assault on the Stara Krasnyanka place of residence too provides a window into how both Russia with every one other accompanied by Ukraine go fast to place the narrative for how events are unfolding on the ground — flat when those events may still exist shrouded by the fog of war. For Ukraine, maintaining the upper hand inside the fight for hearts with every one other accompanied by minds helps to build sure the continued run of billions of dollars inside Western military with every one other accompanied by humanitarian aid.

Russia's regularly indiscriminate shelling of apartment buildings, hospitals, schools with every one other accompanied by theaters has been the main source of the war's thousands of civilian casualties. Ukraine with every one other accompanied by its allies, including the United States, have rebuked Moscow for the deaths with every one other accompanied by injuries with every one other accompanied by called for those in charge of to exist brought to justice.

But Ukraine too must abide by the international rules of the battlefield. David Crane, a former U.S. Defense Department official with every one other accompanied by a former soldierold hand of numerous international war crime investigations, said the Ukrainian forces may have violated the laws of armed dispute by not evacuating the nursing home's residents with every one other accompanied by staff.

"The bottom-line regulation is that civilians cannot intentionally exist targeted. Period. For whatever reason," Crane said. "The Ukrainians placed those people inside a circumstances which was a killing zone. And you can't do that."

The Associated Press with every one other accompanied by the PBS series "Frontline," sketch from a variety of sources, have independently documented hundreds of attacks across Ukraine that probable constitute war crimes. The vast majority become visible to have been committed by Russia. But a handful, including the demolition of the Stara Krasnyanka protected from danger keeping home, demonstrate Ukrainian fighters are too to blame.

The earliest reports inside the media concerning the Stara Krasnyanka nursing place of residence mostly reflected statements issued by Ukrainian officials additional than a week following the fighting ended.

Serhiy Haidai, the manager of Luhansk, declared inside a March 20 pole to his Telegram description that 56 people had been killed "cynically with every one other accompanied by deliberately" by "Russian occupiers" who "shot at near range from a tank." The office of Ukraine's prosecutor general, Iryna Venediktova, said inside a statement issued the same day that 56 elderly people died due to the "treacherous actions" of the Russian forces with every one other accompanied by their allies. Neither statement mentioned whether Ukrainian soldiers had entered the place of residence earlier to the fighting began.

The Luhansk geographical administration, which Haidai leads, did not respond to requests for comment. The Ukrainian prosecutor general's office told The AP on Friday that its Luhansk dividing continues to inquire into Russia's "indiscriminate shelling with every one other accompanied by forced transfer of persons" from the nursing home. About 50 patients were killed inside the attack, the office said, fewer than it stated inside March. The prosecutor general's office did not straight respond to the U.N. report, nevertheless said it too is looking into whether Ukrainian troops had been inside the home.

Moscow-backed separatists have been fighting Ukrainian forces for eight years inside the mostly Russian-speaking eastern manufacturing heartland, the Donbas, which includes the Luhansk with every one other accompanied by Donetsk regions. They have declared set of two self-governing "people's" republics, which were recognized by Russia fair earlier to the war began.

Viktoria Serdyukova, the anthropoid rights commissioner for the Luhansk separatist government, said inside a March 23 statement that the Ukrainian troops were in charge of for casualties at the nursing home. The residents had been taken hostage by Ukrainian "militants" with every one other accompanied by numerous of them were "burned alive" inside a blaze started by the Ukrainians while they were retreating, she said.

The U.N. report examined violations of international anthropoid rights rules and regulations that have occurred inside Ukraine since Russia invaded on Feb. 24. The Stara Krasnyanka assault totals fair set of two paragraphs inside the 38-page report. Although brief, this short segment is the most comprehensive with every one other accompanied by self-governing scrutiny of the event that's been made public.

The Stara Krasnyanka segment is based on eyewitness accounts from staff who survived the assault with every one other accompanied by details provided by relatives of residents, according to a United Nations official who wasn't authorized to speak publicly with every one other accompanied by spoke on condition of anonymity. The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights is still employed to completely document the case, the official said. Among the residual questions are how numerous people were killed with every one other accompanied by who they were.

At the beginning of March, according to the U.N. report, "when operative hostilities drew nearer to the protected from danger keeping house," its management requested repeatedly that local authorities evacuate the residents. But an evacuation wasn't possible since Ukrainian forces were believed to have mined the surrounding area with every one other accompanied by blocked roads, the report said. The place of residence is built on a high ground with every one other accompanied by is near a answer highway, which made the location strategically important.

On March 7, Ukrainian soldiers entered the nursing home, according to the U.N. Two days later, they "engaged inside an exchange of fire" accompanied by the Moscow-backed separatists, "although it remains unclear which side opened blaze first," the report said. No staff or residents were injured inside this earliest exchange.

On March 11, 71 residents with every one other accompanied by 15 staff remained inside the place of residence accompanied by no indeed access to aqua or electricity. That morning, the Luhansk separatist forces, which the U.N. referred to while "Russian-affiliated armed groups," attacked accompanied by heavy weapons, the report said.

"A blaze started with every one other accompanied by spread across the protected from danger keeping house, while the fighting was ongoing," according to the U.N. An unspecified number of patients with every one other accompanied by staff fled the place of residence with every one other accompanied by ran into a nearby forest with every one other accompanied by were eventually met by the separatist fighters, who gave them assistance, according to the U.N.

A correspondent for the state-owned Russia-1 report strait gained access to the war-ravaged place of residence following the battle with every one other accompanied by posted a video to his Telegram description inside April that accused the Ukrainian soldiers of using "helpless elderly people" while anthropoid shields.

The correspondent, Nikolai Dolgachev, was accompanied into the building by a male identified inside the video while a Luhansk separatist fighter who goes by the call sign "Wolf." The large harm to the building, both inside with every one other accompanied by out, is perceptible inside the video. A body is laying on the floor. The AP verified that the location inside the video posted by Dolgachev is the protected from danger keeping place of residence by comparing it to other videos with every one other accompanied by photos of the building.

Dolgachev said the Ukrainian troops place up a "machine firearm nest" with every one other accompanied by an anti-tank weapon inside the home. In the video, he stops amid the rubble inside the building to relax his hand on the anti-tank weapon, which he incorrectly called a Tor. The Tor is a Russian-made surface-to-air missile.

Ian Williams, a military expert at the Center for Strategic with every one other accompanied by International Studies, reviewed the video with every one other accompanied by said the weapon is an RK-3 Corsar, a Ukrainian-built portable anti-tank guided missile.

While the opposing sides clasp in charge of every one other for the Stara Krasnyanka tragedy, the grim the real world is that a a large amount of of the war inside Ukraine is actuality fought inside populated areas, increasing the potential for civilian casualties. Those deaths with every one other accompanied by injuries become almost inevitable when the civilians are caught inside the dash of fire.

"The Russians are the bad guys (in this conflict). That's attractive clear," Crane said. "But everybody is accountable to the rules and regulations with every one other accompanied by the laws of armed conflict."

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Associated Press author Lynn Berry inside Washington with every one other accompanied by photographer Zoya Shu inside Berlin contributed to this report.

Editor's Note: The AP with every one other accompanied by "Frontline" are gathering details from organizations including the Centre for Information Resilience,  Bellingcat, the International Partnership on Human Rights, the Ukrainian Healthcare Center, Human Rights Watch with every one other accompanied by Physicians for Human Rights to inform the War Crimes Watch Ukraine interactive experience.

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Contact AP's investigations team at investigative@ap.org.

UN says Ukraine bears portion of clasp in charge of for nursing place of residence attack

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