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More Cubans immigrating to the US by crossing from Mexico

More Cubans immigrating to the US by crossing from Mexico

MIAMI (AP) — For years following leaving Cuba, the mother of set of two tried to obtain her children with every one other accompanied by parents into the U.S. into and not here of legal channels.

Finally, she decided she wouldn't remain some longer: She paid additional than $40,000 dollars to someone to assist them sneak inside into and not here of Mexico.

"I said to myself, `Enough. I am going to chance everything,'" said the 30-year-old woman, who spoke to The Associated Press on condition of anonymity for terror of reprisals from U.S. authorities.

Her family's tale is an example of what tens of thousands of Cuban immigrants looking to get away political with every one other accompanied by monetary troubles are going into and not here of while additional chance their lives with every one other accompanied by come illegally inside the United States. It's a extremely different the real world from years ago, when Cubans enjoyed exceptional protections that other immigrants did not have.

Her children with every one other accompanied by parents undertook a 20-day journey, starting accompanied by a flat outside ride from Havana to Managua, Nicaragua. From there, they took buses, vans with every one other accompanied by taxis across Honduras, Guatemala with every one other accompanied by Mexico, until they arrived at the U.S.-Mexico border.

"I saw that other people were coming into and not here of the border with every one other accompanied by they were happy, with every one other accompanied by I, who had done things legally, was still waiting for my children," the woman said.

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CUBA AND NICARAGUA

U.S. border authorities encountered Cubans almost 32,400 times inside March, according to figures released Monday. That was violently dual the number inside February with every one other accompanied by five times the number inside October.

The grow coincided accompanied by Nicaragua's decision starting inside November to place an extremity to requiring visas for Cubans to go forward tourism following other countries, such while Panama with every one other accompanied by the Dominican Republic, began mandating them.

After flying to Nicaragua, Cubans journey by land to faraway stretches of the U.S. border accompanied by Mexico – mostly inside Yuma, Arizona, with every one other accompanied by Del Rio, Texas – with every one other accompanied by normally turn themselves inside to Border Patrol agents.

The Biden management has been leaning on other governments to do additional to place an extremity to migrants from reaching the U.S., most not long ago throughout a pay someone a call this week to Panama by Secretary of State Antony Blinken with every one other accompanied by Homeland Security Alejandro Mayorkas. The actions of Nicaragua, a U.S. adversary, complicates that effort.

Cuban with every one other accompanied by U.S. officials will meet Thursday inside Washington for immigration talks — the earliest inside quartet years.

U.S. Customs with every one other accompanied by Border Protection stopped Cubans additional than 79,800 times from October into and not here of March — additional than dual all of 2021 with every one other accompanied by five times additional than all of 2020. Overall, the Border Patrol stopped migrants of all nationalities additional than 209,000 times inside March, the highest monthly mark inside 22 years.

Cubans who cross the U.S. border illegally face little chance of actuality deported or expelled under a condition health rules and regulations that has been used to deny asylum to thousands of migrants of other nationalities on the grounds of slowing the spread of COVID-19.

Barely 500 Cubans stopped inside March, or concerning 2%, were theme to Title 42 authority, named following a condition health law. The Biden management plans to extremity Title 42 power on May 23.

Jorge Duany, director of the Cuban Research Institute at Florida International University, with every one other accompanied by other experts roughly calculate the number of Cubans leaving could exceed other pile migrations from the island, including the Mariel boatlift of 1980, when additional than 124,700 Cubans came to the U.S.

"There are some intertwined factors that have produced a perfect tempest for the intensification of the Cuban exodus," Duany said.

For one, Cuba is experiencing its worst monetary crisis inside decades due to the COVID-19 pandemic with every one other accompanied by the tightening of U.S. sanctions.

Massive road protests on July 11, 2021, with every one other accompanied by the government's response too have played a role. Nongovernmental organizations have reported additional than 1,400 arrests with every one other accompanied by 500 people sentenced to up to 30 years inside prison for vandalism or sedition.

Havana has not said how numerous Cubans have left-hand with every one other accompanied by has accused the United States of manipulating the circumstances with every one other accompanied by offering perks that encourage departure.

"What hurts? That there are young people who find that their future plans can't grow inside the country with every one other accompanied by have to emigrate," Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel said early this month. "There are people who want to demonstrate themselves inside another world, who want to show they aren't breaking accompanied by their country, that their aspiration is too to improve a little with every one other accompanied by subsequent return."

THE CUBAN FAMILY TIRED OF WAITING

The 30-year-old woman who tried to convey her family to the U.S. into and not here of legal avenues had arrived inside Florida inside a raft inside 2016. Under the "wet foot, arid foot" policy, Cubans could remain if they made it to U.S. land, nevertheless they were sent spine if apprehended at sea.

Former President Barack Obama ended that policy inside 2017, with every one other accompanied by she petitioned for immigration for her children the following year.

Every month, she sent her family $500 for medicine with every one other accompanied by food, down accompanied by boxes of clothes with every one other accompanied by other items, she said from her place of residence inside Tampa, Florida.

Finally, she decided to pay $11,000 to smugglers for every one relative -- her set of two children, ages 8 with every one other accompanied by 10, with every one other accompanied by her mother with every one other accompanied by father.

Her parents sold everything, including their house with every one other accompanied by furniture, earlier to embarking on the journey accompanied by both children, explained the single mother.

In Managua, they met 200 other migrants -- Cubans, Haitians, Venezuelans with every one other accompanied by Nicaraguans -- at a hotel.

"That same day they begin a caravan by car, truck, or some sort of vehicle. In one night, they got into additional than 10 different cars," the woman said.

After 20 days, they arrived inside Mexicali, Mexico, crossed the Colorado River at darkness with every one other accompanied by surrendered to Border Patrol agents inside Yuma, Arizona.

They were separated. The grandparents, 45 with every one other accompanied by 62 years-old, were released inside set of two days; their grandchildren were detained 11 days, the woman said.

THE CUBAN MAN WHO FEARED FOR HIS LIFE

Other Cubans speak they left-hand since they felt persecuted.

Ariel, 24, worked doing gore tests at a laboratory inside a medical organization inside Cienfuegos, on Cuba's south coast. During the pandemic, he led a objection demanding masks, gowns with every one other accompanied by disinfectants with every one other accompanied by criticized the management on Facebook for the lack of medical supplies.

He told the AP inside a phone meeting that he decided to depart from inside November following receiving threats with every one other accompanied by actuality beaten. He requested that only his centre name exist used since his mother with every one other accompanied by 14-year-old female sibling inside Cuba could face reprisals.

His whole trip "was a nightmare," Ariel recalled, nevertheless he said that he was "willing to do whatever it took" lo depart from Cuba.

He made his way to Mexicali, accompanied by assist from an aunt inside Florida, with every one other accompanied by paid a smuggler $300 to lay clasp of him across the Colorado River.

He joined concerning 100 migrants, 90 of them Cubans, who boarded a truck at midnight, he said.

The watercourse was calm, nevertheless deep. Water covered his waist. He helped a Cuban mom by carrying her child on his shoulders.

The smuggler gave them directions to a place where Border Patrol agents would pick them up.

They waited set of two days at a migrant bivouac accompanied by 1,000 other people, eating bread with every one other accompanied by canned food. Border Patrol agents picked them up inside groups of 12 with every one other accompanied by took them to a center inside Yuma that Ariel said "seemed exist fond of a prison."

After his release, he called his aunt to permit her know that he was prepared to travel through the air to St. Petersburg, Florida.

LIVING IN THE U.S.

Many Cubans who crossed illegally speak they now be in touch exist fond of they are inside limbo.

"The most difficult circumstances is going to exist here, not when crossing (the border)," said Dr. Raúl González, a Cuban American who owns a clinic that helps new arrivals accompanied by paperwork to receive assistance for a few months. "They are exist fond of stranded here."

It tin lay clasp of some hour dated for asylum seekers to obtain a labour permit.

At Gonzalez's clinic, Cubans lined up to firm one of the 20 appointments available every one day.

"It is sad what they are going through," said the doctor. "Many tell me, 'Don't present with me food stamps, I would like better that they permit me work.'"

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AP journalist Andrea Rodríguez contributed to this report from Havana.

More Cubans immigrating to the US by crossing from Mexico

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