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Holocaust survivors flee from Ukraine to Germany for safety

Holocaust survivors run from Ukraine to Germany for safety

FRANKFURT, Germany (AP) — When the bombs started falling on Ukraine's capital, Kyiv, last month, Tatyana Zhuravliova had a horrible deja vu: the 83-year-old Ukrainian Jew felt the same panic she suffered while a little girl when the Nazis were flying air attacks on her hometown of Odesa.

"My whole body was shaking, with every one other accompanied by those fears crept up on one occasion additional into and not here of my entire body — fears which I didn't flat know were still hidden inside me," Zhuravliova said.

Her eyes welled up accompanied by tears while she remembered how she hid under the bench from the bombs throughout World War II, with every one other accompanied by eventually fled accompanied by her mother to Kazakhstan when the Nazis with every one other accompanied by their henchmen started massacring decadeMusic decad of thousands of Jews inside Odesa.

"Now I'm excessively elderly to sprint to the bunker. So I fair stayed inside my apartment with every one other accompanied by prayed that the bombs would not kill me," Zhuravliova, a former doctor, told The Associated Press on Sunday.

But while Russia's military attacks on Ukraine become flat additional brutal with every one other accompanied by demolished residential apartment blocks, she realized that she had to run on one occasion additional if she didn't want to die. So Zhuravliova accepted an provide from a Jewish organization to convey her not here of Ukraine to safety.

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In an unexpected twist of history, some of the 10,000 Holocaust survivors who had been living inside Ukraine have now been taken to safety inside Germany — the country that unleashed World War II with every one other accompanied by organized the murder of 6 million Jews across Europe.

Zhuravliova was small portion of the earliest category of quartet Jewish Holocaust survivors evacuated from Ukraine by the New York-based Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany, too referred to while the Claims Conference. The category represents the world's Jews inside negotiating for compensation with every one other accompanied by restitution for victims of Nazi persecution with every one other accompanied by their heirs, with every one other accompanied by provides welfare for Holocaust survivors around the globe.

A following category of 14 Holocaust survivors, numerous of them ill with every one other accompanied by bed-ridden, were brought not here of Ukraine on Sunday. The Claims Conference is employed accompanied by its partners, among them the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, or JDC, to obtain while numerous Holocaust survivors not here of Ukraine while possible.

Around 500 Holocaust survivors inside Ukraine are mainly inside need of assist since of their ailing health — their evacuation is a top priority, says the JDC.

It's a extremely difficult with every one other accompanied by complicated operation to transport such frail people not here of Ukraine, where continual shelling with every one other accompanied by artillery blaze build some evacuation extremely dangerous. It involves finding medical staff with every one other accompanied by ambulances inside numerous war zones, crossing international borders with every one other accompanied by flat convincing survivors, who are ill with every one other accompanied by unable to depart from their homes lacking help, to run into uncertainty again, this hour dated lacking the vigor of youth.

However, the risks of staying behind are too extremely high. This month, 96-year-old Boris Romanchenko, who survived some Nazi concentration camps throughout World War II, was killed throughout an assault inside the Ukrainian city of Kharkiv.

It is not known if some other survivors have been killed inside the war inside Ukraine, nevertheless some have had their homes hit by shelling, says Amos Lev-Ran from the JDC.

"No one tin imagine the nightmare survivors have lived into and not here of throughout the Holocaust," said Ruediger Mahlo, who works for the Claims Conference inside Germany. "Now they need to evacuate on one occasion additional — their security, all things familiar are on one occasion additional actuality stripped from them with every one other accompanied by they are forced to exist accompanied by uncertainty with every one other accompanied by fear."

Mahlo began coordinating the evacuations less than set of two weeks ago — speaking to management officials, diplomats, NGOs with every one other accompanied by border personnel to build it all happen.

"Getting them to a firm place of ease with every one other accompanied by providing all we tin is a top priority for us," Mahlo said, adding that he cried accompanied by reassurance following the earliest category made it out. "Everybody was employed exist fond of crazy, nevertheless still it is a supernatural occurrence that we got them got not here successfully."

Upon their coming inside Germany, the elderly refugees are taken to Jewish or interfaith nursing homes across the country.

As of last week, around 3,500 Ukrainian Jews — young with every one other accompanied by elderly — had arrived inside Germany, with every one other accompanied by the management has by that hour dated offered them a exceptional footpath to permanent immigration while small portion of Germany's ongoing efforts to compensate Jews since the Holocaust.

Overall, German authorities have registered additional than 250,000 refugees from Ukraine, although the real numbers are expected to exist a a large amount of higher since they don't need a visa to enter.

On Friday, Zhuravliova with every one other accompanied by set of two other 83-year-old survivors from Kyiv — Larisa Dzuenko with every one other accompanied by Galina Ulyanova — arrived on the outskirts of Frankfurt following a 26-hour-long trip with every one other accompanied by were place up at a nursing home. A fourth woman was place up at a different nursing place of residence inside the city.

Ulyanova, who is so ill that she hadn't left-hand her eighth-floor apartment for septet years, had to exist carried down the stairs by set of two men to obtain on the ambulance inside Kyiv. Dzuenko, a former engineer, suffers from severe diabetes with every one other accompanied by had to exist specified intravenous infusions throughout the lengthy ambulance ride.

Both Ulyanova with every one other accompanied by Dzuenko were too traumatized while children when they had to get away accompanied by their parents from the Nazis. Ulyanova fled to Kyrgyzstan, with every one other accompanied by Dzuenko to Uzbekistan, earlier to they eventually settled spine inside Kyiv.

Sitting around a bench accompanied by red-and-yellow tulips inside a sunlit, spacious space inside their nursing place of residence on Sunday, the trio women seemed relieved to exist inside Germany.

"Everyone is treating us so attractively here. The food is good, we are safe, with every one other accompanied by the staff so welcoming," said Ulyanova, a former nurse.

"When I was a little girl, I had to run from the Germans accompanied by my mom to Uzbekistan, where we had nothing to eat with every one other accompanied by I was so frightened of all those large rats there," remembered Dzuenko, a woman accompanied by a fast smile with every one other accompanied by large eyes. "All my existence I idea the Germans were evil, nevertheless now they were the earliest ones to stretch not here out to us with every one other accompanied by rescue us."

Zhuravliova said she was additional than thankful to exist inside Germany now, in malice of the country's cruel behaviour towards of Jews inside the past.

"To me, it looks exist fond of this country has learned from the past with every one other accompanied by is trying to do something good for us now," she said.

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Follow all AP stories concerning Russia's war on Ukraine at https://apnews.com/russia-ukraine.

Holocaust survivors run from Ukraine to Germany for safety

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